1993

Arden NK, Spector TD. Oestrogens, bones and systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 1993;2(6):381-2.

Spector TD, Hart DJ, Byrne J, Harris PA, Dacre JE, Doyle DV. Definition of osteoarthritis of the knee for epidemiological studies. Ann Rheum Dis. 1993;52(11):790-4.

Hall GM, Spector TD, Griffin AJ, Jawad AS, Hall ML, Doyle DV. The effect of rheumatoid arthritis and steroid therapy on bone density in postmenopausal women. Arthritis Rheum. 1993;36(11):1510-6. 

Spector TD, Sambrook PN. Steroid osteoporosis. BMJ 1993;307(6903):519-20.

Masud T, Langley S, Wiltshire P, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Effect of spinal osteophytosis on bone mineral density measurements in vertebral osteoporosis. BMJ 1993;307(6897):172-3. 

Spector TD, McCloskey EV, Doyle DV, Kanis JA. Prevalence of vertebral fracture in women and the relationship with bone density and symptoms: the Chingford study. J Bone Miner Res. 1993;8(7):817-22. 

da Silva JA, Colville-Nash EV, Doyle DV, Kanis JA. Inflammation-induced cartilage degradation in female rodents. Protective role of sex hormones. Arthritis Rheum. 1993;36(7):1007-13. 

Spector TD, James IT, Hall GM, Thompson PW, Perrett D, Hart DJ. Increased levels of urinary collagen crosslinks in females with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Rheumatol. 1993;12(2):240-4.

McCloskey EV, Spector TD, Eyres KS, Fern ED, O’Rourke N, Vasikaran S, Kanis JA. The assessment of vertebral deformity: a method for use in population studies and clinical trials. Osteoporos. Int. 1993;3(3):138-47. 

da Silva JA, Larbre JP, Spector TD, Perry LA, Scott DL, Willoughby DA. Protective effect of androgens against inflammation induced cartilage degradation in male rodents.Ann Rheum Dis. 1993;52(4):285-91. 

Spector TD, Hart DJ, Powell RJ. Prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatoid factor in women: evidence for a secular decline. Ann. Rheum. Dis.1993;52(4):254-7.

Hall GM, Perry LA, Spector TD. Depressed levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate in postemenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis but no relation with axial bone density. Ann Rheum Dis 1993;52(3):211-4.

Spector TD. Epidemiology of the rheumatic diseases. Curr Opin Rheumatol 1993;5(2):132-7. 

Spector TD, Hall GM, McCloskey EV, Kanis JA. Risk of vertebral fracture in women with rheumatoid arthritis. BMJ 1993;306(6877):558.

Hart DJ, Spector TD. The relationship of obesity, fat distribution and osteoarthritis in women in the general population: the Chingford Study. J Rheumatol. 1993;20(2):331-5.

Hart DJ, Spector TD. Cigarette smoking and risk of osteoarthritis in women in the general population: the Chingford study. Ann Rheum Dis. 1993;52(2):93-6. 

MacGregor AJ, Fox H, Ollier WE, Snaith ML, Silman AJ. An identical twin pair discordant for rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1993;11(4):425-8 .

MacGregor AJ, Silman AJ. Epidemiological approaches to the immunogenetics of autoimmune rheumatic disease. Ann Rheum Dis 1993;52(4):310-3.

Silman AJ, MacGregor AJ, Thomson W, Holligan S, Carthy D, Farhan A, Ollier WE. Twin concordance rates for rheumatoid arthritis: results from a nationwide study. Br J Rheumatol 1993;32(10):903-7.

Spector TD, Hart DJ, Byrne J, Harris PA, Dacre JE, Doyle DV. Definition of osteoarthritis of the knee for epidemiological studies. Ann Rheum Dis 1993;52(11):790-4. 

Worthington J, Rigby AS, MacGregor AJ, Silman AJ, Carthy D, Ollier WE. Lack of association of increased antibody levels to mycobacterial hsp65 with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a study of disease discordant twin pairs. Ann Rheum Dis 1993;52(7):542-4.