1996

Arden NK, Baker J, Hogg C, Baan K, Spector TD. The heritability of bone mineral density, ultrasound of the calcaneus and hip axis length: a study of postmenopausal twins. J Bone Miner Res 1996;11(4):530-4. 

Arden NK, Keen RW, Lanchbury JS, Spector TD. Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene do not predict quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus or hip axis length. Osteoporos Int 1996;6(4):334-7. 

Arden NK, Griffiths GO, Hart DJ, Doyle DV, Spector TD. The association between osteoarthritis and osteoporotic fracture: the Chingford Study. Br J Rheumatol 1996;35(12):1299-304. 

Bendall KE, Macaulay VA, Baker JR, Sykes BC. Heteroplasmic point mutations in the human mtDNA control region. Am J Hum Genet 1996;59(6):1276-87.

Cicuttini FM, Baker J, Hart DJ, Spector TD. Association of pain with radiological changes in different compartments and views of the knee joint. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1996;4(2):143-7. 

Cicuttini FM, Baker JR, Spector TD. The association of obesity with osteoarthritis of the hand and knee in women: a twin study. J Rheumatol 1996;23(7):1221-6. 

Cicuttini FM, Spector TD. Genetics of osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 1996;55(9):665-7.

Cicuttini FM, Baker J, Hart DJ, Spector TD. Choosing the best method for radiological assessment of patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 1996;55(2):134-6.

Cicuttini FM, Spector TD. The genetics of osteoarthritis [editorial]. J Clin Pathol 1996;49(8):617-9 [PubMed].

Cooper C, Egger P, Coggon D, Hart DJ, Masud T, Cicuttini F, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Generalized osteoarthritis in women: pattern of joint involvement and approaches to definition for epidemiological studies. J Rheumatol 1996;23(11):1938-42. 

Donnelly S, Hart DJ, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Spiking of the tibial tubercles–a radiological feature of osteoarthritis? Ann Rheum Dis 1996;55(2):105-8. 

Etherington J, Harris PA, Nandra D, Hart DJ, Wolman RL, Doyle DV, Spector TD. The effect of weight-bearing exercise on bone mineral density: a study of female ex-elite athletes and the general population. J Bone Miner Res 1996;11(9):1333-8. 

Garnero P, Arden NK, Griffiths G, Delmas PD, Spector TD. Genetic influence on bone turnover in postmenopausal twins. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1996;81(1):140-6. 

Hall GM, Larbre JP, Spector TD, Perry LA, Da Silva JA. A randomized trial of testosterone therapy in males with rheumatoid arthritis. Br J Rheumatol 1996;35(6):568-73. 

Jawaheer D, MacGregor AJ, Gregersen PK, Silman AJ, Ollier WE. Unexpected HLA haplotype sharing in dizygotic twin pairs discordant for rheumatoid arthritis. J Med Genet 1996;33(12):1015-8.

Keen RW, Spector TD. Role and evolution of therapeutic options. Osteoporos Int 1996;6 Suppl 2:16-20. 

Keen RW, Spector TD. Alendronate: a new bisphosphonate for the treatment of osteoporosis. Br J Clin Pract 1996;50(4):211-7.

Keen RW, Griffiths GO, Spector TD. Patients who have had fractures of the distal forearm do not lose bone as expected [letter]. BMJ 1996;313(7060):821.

Keen RW, Nguyen T, Sobnack R, Perry LA, Thompson PW, Spector TD. Can biochemical markers predict bone loss at the hip and spine?: a 4-year prospective study of 141 early postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 1996;6(5):399-406. 

Lloyd ME, Hart DJ, Nandra D, McAlindon TE, Wheeler M, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Relation between insulin-like growth factor-I concentrations, osteoarthritis, bone density, and fractures in the general population: the Chingford study. Ann Rheum Dis 1996;55(12):870-4. 

Masud T, Mootoosamy I, McCloskey EV, O’Sullivan MP, Whitby EP, King D, Matson MB, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Assessment of osteopenia from spine radiographs using two different methods: the Chingford Study. Br J Radiol 1996;69(821):451-6. 

O’Neill TW, Grazio S, Spector TD, Silman AJ. Geometric measurements of the proximal femur in UK women: secular increase between the late 1950s and early 1990s. Osteoporos Int 1996;6(2):136-40. 

Silman AJ, Newman J, MacGregor AJ. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. Results from a nationwide study of disease-discordant twins [see comments]. Arthritis Rheum 1996;39(5):732-5 [PubMed].

Spector TD, Hart DJ. [Radiological evaluation of osteoarthritis]. Rev Prat 1996;46(19 Spec No):S15-S21 [PubMed].

Spector TD, Cicuttini F, Baker J, Loughlin J, Hart D. Genetic influences on osteoarthritis in women: a twin study [see comments]. BMJ 1996;312(7036):940-3 [PubMed].

Spector TD, Harris PA, Hart DJ, Cicuttini FM, Nandra D, Etherington J, Wolman RL, Doyle DV. Risk of osteoarthritis associated with long-term weight-bearing sports: a radiologic survey of the hips and knees in female ex-athletes and population controls. Arthritis Rheum 1996;39(6):988-95.