2001

Ahmadi KR, Hall MA, Norman P, Vaughan RW, Snieder H, Spector TD, Lanchbury JS. Genetic determinism in the relationship between human CD4 (+) and CD8 (+) T lymphocyte populations? Genes Immun 2001;2(7):381-7.

Andrew T, Hart DJ, Snieder H, de Lange M, Spector TD, MacGregor AJ. Are twins and singletons comparable? A study of disease-related and lifestyle characteristics in adult women. Twin Research 2001 Dec;4(6):464-77 

Antoniades L, Spector TD, MacGregor AJ. The genetic contribution to hip joint morphometry and relationship to hip cartilage thickness. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001;9(6):593-5. 

Baird J, Osmond C, MacGregor A, Snieder H, Hales CN, Phillips DIW. Testing the tetal origins hypothesis in twins: the Birmingham twin study. Diabetologia 2001;44:33-39 [PubMed].

Bataille V, Snieder H, MacGregor AJ, Sasieni P, Spector TD. The influence of genetics and environmental factors in the pathogenesis of acne: A twin study of acne in women. J Invest Dermatol. 2002 Dec;119(6):1317-22

Cherkas LF, Howell K, Carter L, Black CM, MacGregor AJ The use of portable radiometry to assess Raynaud’s phenomenon: a practical alternative to thermal imaging. Rheumatology (Oxford)2001 Dec;40 (12):1384-7 

Czarny-Ratajczak M, Lohiniva J, Rogala P, Kozlowski K, Perala M, Carter L, Spector TD, Kolodziej L, Seppanen U, Glazar R, et al. A mutation in col9a1 causes multiple epiphyseal dysplasia: further evidence for locus heterogeneity. Am J Hum Genet 2001;69(5):969-80. 

de Lange M, Snieder H, Ariens RA, Spector TD, Grant PJ. The genetics of haemostasis: A twin study. Lancet 2001;357(9250):101-105. 

Dennison EM, Arden NK, Keen RW, Syddall H, Day IN, Spector TD, Cooper C. Birthweight, vitamin D receptor genotype and the programming of osteoporosis. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 2001 Jul;15(3):207 

Drake WM, Rodriguez-Arnao J, Weaver JU, James IT, Coyte D, Spector TD, Besser GM, Monson JP. The influence of gender on the short and long-term effects of growth hormonal replacement on bone metabolism and bone mineral density in hypopituitar adults: a 5-year study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2001;54 (4):525-532. 

Drayna D, Manichaikul A, de Lange M, Snieder H, Spector TD. Genetic correlates of musical pitch recognition in humans. Science 2001;291:1969-72 

Edwards CJ, Russell RG, Spector TD. Statins and bone: myth or reality? Calcif Tissue Int 2001;69(2):63-6. 

Hammond CJ, Duncan DD, Snieder H, de Lange M, West SK, Spector TD, Gilbert CE. The heritability of age-related cortical cataract: The twin eye study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 200142(3):601-605. 

Hammond CJ, Snieder H, Gilbert CE, Spector TD. Genes and environment in refractive error: the twin eye study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001; 42 (6):1232-1236. 

Hunter D, de Lange M, Snieder H, MacGregor AJ, Swaminathan R, Thakker RV, Spector TD. Genetic contribution to bone metabolism, calcium excretion and vitamin D and parathyroid hormone regulation Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2001;16(2):371-378. 

Hunter DJ, de Lange M, Andrew T, Snieder H, MacGregor AJ, Spector TD. Genetic Variation in Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Calcaneal Ultrasound: A Study of the Influence of Menopause using Female Twins. Osteoporosis International 2001;12(5):406-11.

Jenkins AB, Samaras K, Gordon MS, Snieder H, Spector TD, Campbell LV. Lack of heritability of circulating leptin concentration in humans after adjustment for body size and adiposity using a psychological approach. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001 Nov;25(11):1625-32

Keen RW, Snieder H, Molloy H, Daniels J, Chiano M, Gibson F, Fairbairn L, Smith P, MacGregor AJ, Gewert D, Spector TD. Evidence of association and linkage disequilibrium between a novel polymorphism in the transforming growth factor b1 gene and hip bone mineral density: a study of female twins. Rheumatology 2001;40:48-54 [pdf File]

Knapp KM, Blake GM, Spector TD, Fogelman I. Multisite quantative ultrasound: precision, age- and menopause-related changes, fracture discrimination, and T-score equivalence with dual-enery X-ray absorptiometry. Osteoporosis International 2001; 12 (6): 456-464.

Millard TP, Antoniades L, Evans AV, Smith HR, Spector TD, Barker JN. Bone mineral density of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. Clin Exp Dermatol 2001;26(5):446-8.

Snieder H, Sawtell PA, Ross L, Walker J, Spector TD, Leslie RD. HbA(1c) Levels Are Genetically Determined Even in Type 1 Diabetes: Evidence From Healthy and Diabetic Twins. Diabetes 2001;50(12):2858-63. 

Snieder H, van den Oord EJC, Chiano M, MacGregor AJ, Spector TD. Sib-TDT analysis of human TGF-beta1 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms in female twins: evidence for linkage and association with blood pressure at the codon 263 polymorphism. Genescreen. 2001; 1(2): 89-92

Strachan DP, Wong HJ, Spector TD. Concordance and interrelationship of atopic diseases and markers of allergic sensitization among adult emale twins. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108(6):901-7.

Vickers MA, McLeod E, Spector TD, Wilson IJ. Assessment of mechanism of acquired skewed X inactivation by analysis of twins. Blood 2001;97(5):1274-1281. 

Vignon E, Garnero P, Delmas P, Avouac B, Bettica P, Boers M, Ehrich E, MacKillop N, Rovati L, Serni U, Spector TD, Reginster JY. Recommendations for the registration of drugs used in the treatment of osteoarthritis: an update on biochemical markers. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage 2001;9, 289-293

White KE, Jonsson KB, Carn G, Hampson G, Spector TD, Mannstadt M, Lorenz-Depiereux B, Miyauchi A, Yang IM, Ljunggren O, Meitinger T, Strom TM, Juppner H, Econs MJ. The autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets (ADHR) gene is a secreted polypeptide overexpressed by tumors that cause phosphate wasting. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 2001;86(2):497-500.